Are Underground Homes the Wave of the Future?

20Have you ever thought about living underground? I do not mean changing your identity and hiding out, but literally living in a house that is buried underground. If the thought of an underground house makes you think of dark and damp basements, with perhaps a slight musty smell, you are not alone. Yet, in recent years, there has been a spurt in the number of this type of houses being built.

Underground homes appeal to people for a variety of reasons. One of their biggest advantages is that the layer of earth surrounding them serves as insulation, making them easier to heat. The large thermal mass created means that temperatures are also more stable, making these residences seem more comfortable than the conventional ones.

Their design also offers protection against weather extremes, such as hurricanes, tornadoes, and hailstorms. This not only makes the residents feel more safe, but apparently the insurance companies too, since they charge lower rates to ensure such a structure. Some individuals even point to the fact that these houses offer greater protection against fire and explosions, including nuclear explosions.

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How to Fix a Hole in the Wall

19Holes are easily formed on your wall due to various reasons, like, removing the nails used for fixtures, regular wiring, plumbing, etc. If you find that the walls in your house have been damaged due to any of the aforementioned reasons, then simply follow the step-by-step instructions given below.

Materials Required

Putty knife or chisel
Broad knife
Patching plaster
Latex bonding agent
White-pigmented shellac
Nails
Dusting brush
Paint
Sanding paper
Sponge

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Attic Ventilation Requirements

18Most people hardly bother about the insulation or ventilation of their attics. In fact, the only times they step in their attic is when there is an unannounced visit from an intruder, such as bat or a squirrel, or to inspect if there are any leakages in the roof. But did you know that poor ventilation may force you to pay hundreds of dollars in excess towards utility bills? There are some simple ways of minimizing your electricity and other utility bills, out of which, attic ventilation and insulation are the easiest. Let us know a few attic venting requirements that will allow you to effectively reduce your energy consumption.

Benefits of Proper Attic Ventilation

It has been observed that less than 10% of homes follow the norms of proper attic ventilation. The remaining homes have no insulation at all or have poor insulation. Given below is a checklist to ensure proper ventilation in attic against various environmental parameters.

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Concrete Step Repair

17Concrete steps of houses that are years old are vulnerable to chipping, breakage, and cracks. Also, when the combination of these long years and extreme climatic conditions take a toll on them, causing flaking, crumbling, or cracking, you need to look out for an easy way to repair them. Not only because they look bad, but cracked or broken steps need to be fixed quickly as someone can easily trip going down or up the stairs and can get seriously injured. However, most people feel that this can be an intimidating task that requires a lot of time and efforts, but actually it is not so. In fact, such small or big cracks are easy to repair, and we all can do it with minimal efforts. Hence, if you are facing the same problem and finding it difficult to fix your broken concrete step, check out the methods mentioned below for help.

Methods

Here are simple-to-follow instructions for the same. The products that you may need are:

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Chair Rail Height

16A chair rail, also known as a chair rail molding, is what people install to guard the plaster on walls from cracking or getting damaged, when chairs are placed against it. As such, they are found in kitchens and dining areas, where chairs are predominant. However, they may also be used in living rooms and bathrooms for similar reasons. Traditionally, they were used for the purpose of function, but today, form and function have combined to give birth to beautiful designs that fulfill the various aesthetic requirements of your decorating endeavors. For this detail, they are installed along with wainscoting (large wooden panels) below them. These can be further enhanced with laminates of different colors, or other such materials. Wainscoting is not the only option when it comes to adding to the aesthetic value of a chair rail. A lot of home owners choose to highlight a contrast in their wall paint, above and below the rail, which means the portion above is a lighter color, and the one below is a darker color. This detail can also be enhanced with the use of wallpaper of different prints and styles. A lot of people are confused between the standard height of a chair rail and the exceptions made for the purpose of decoration. Here’s the answer for same.

What is its Ideal Height?

Since it is called a chair rail, ideally its height should be equal to the top of a chair back. However, in order to incorporate aesthetics and wall decorations into this functional object, the height may vary anywhere between 32 inches to 40 inches. Technically, the height of the room also plays a part in deciding its height. If the ceiling of a room is low, say around 8 feet to 9 feet, the chair rail should be no more than 36 inches or 3 feet high. Any dimension that is provided to you should be from the floor to the center of the chair rail molding, and not the top or bottom of the molding. If you have a higher ceiling (say 10 or 12 feet), it can go as high as 48 inches.

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